Understand and track your menstruation

Hormones that control the whole body

The hormones involved in the menstrual cycle work together in perfect balance. They regulate a series of processes that allow fertility but their role doesn’t end there. They are also responsible for controlling many of the functions in the human body.

The menstrual cycle: a delicate balance

The menstrual cycle is based on a balance of hormones controlled by the brain. This balance can be disrupted if one hormone goes out of control! As a result, your cycle may become longer or shorter, or even temporarily interrupted.

Ovarian hormones: multiple actions

  • Estrogen

Estrogen triggers the development of tissue and "gynoid" fats that create your feminine figure (breasts, hips, thighs, etc.) and helps your reproductive organs to grow. Estrogen also controls your mood, sleep patterns, memory and attention and plays a role in making your voice feminine. It also helps strengthen your bones and preserves your skin’s glow and moisture.

  • Progesterone

Progesterone is the pregnancy hormone which prepares your body for becoming pregnant and regulates the functions of the female reproductive system. Progesterone increases the function of thyroid hormones, and turns fat into an efficient source of energy. It also helps reduce the harmful effects of excess estrogen in the body, and promotes hormonal balance.

  • Testosterone

Testosterone is a male hormone that is also found in women in small amounts. Produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands, it helps the development of muscle and bone mass, and enhances brain function. It provides a sense of well-being and plays a major role in enhancing desire.


Hormonal Imbalance: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Hormonal imbalance is becoming more common among teenage girls because of unhealthy dietary habits, excess sugar and fat consumption and stress.

Although bloating, PMS, water retention, and breast tenderness may seem like a normal part of your cycle, they may be a sign of hormonal imbalance.  Other signs of hormonal imbalance include irregular menstruation, headache, fatigue, nausea and difficulty losing excess weight.

Treating hormonal imbalance depends on its underlying cause. In general, exercise and a healthy diet can help restore balance. In some cases, medications such as birth control pills can be prescribed to normalize the cycle. Losing weight also regulates male hormone levels and helps restore a regular period.


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